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Journal/NDM55 2021 eng

New Data on Minerals, Volume 55, 2021


Issue 1 - March 31, 2021
Issue 2 - May 31, 2021
Issue 3 - August 31, 2021
Issue 4 - November 30, 2021

Editorial Board

Editor in Chief:
Plechov P.Yu. - Doctor of Geology and Mineralogy, Professor
Members of Editorial Board:
Pekov I.V. - Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Garanin V.K. - Doctor of Geology and Mineralogy, Professor
Spiridonov B.E. - Doctor of Geology and Mineralogy
Kamenetsky V.S. - Professor (University of Tasmania)
Chukanov N.V. - Doctor of Physics and Mathematics
Nenasheva S.N. - PhD in Geology and Mineralogy
Matvienko E.N. - PhD in Geology and Mineralogy
Generalov M.E. - PhD in Geology and Mineralogy
Pautov L.A. - Senior Researcher
Layout Designer
Kronrod E.V. - PhD in Chemistry


Issue 1

Pdf icon.pngKutyrev A.V., Kamenetskiy V.S., Nekrylov N.A. Silicate inclusions in minerals of the Os-Ir-Ru system of the Adamsfield placer (Western Tasmania), p. 5-13

The collection of the native osmium grains from the Adamsfield placer (Western Tasmania) was studied. The majority of these grains and compositionally homogeneous (average composition of native osmium – 52.9 wt.% of Os, 41.2 wt.% of Ir, and 6.4 wt.% of Ru), while other minerals (native iridium, isoferroplatinum, native ruthenium, and arsenides of platinum) are rare. The chromitites from the ultramafic ophiolites of the Adamsfield complex are likely the source of the placer. Polymineralic inclusions consisting of olivine, orthopyroxene, chromium spinel, hornblende, low-Ca amphiboles (cummingtonite and anthophyllite), quartz, anorthite, and micas were found within the native osmium grains. These inclusions typically have a hexagonal shape exhibiting the habit of a negative crystal. Their origin can hardly be explained by the model suggested in previous studies (direct crystallization of the native osmium from the boninitic melt), and they rather support the modern view on the origin of chromitite and platinum mineralization in ophiolites as a result of a reaction of harzburgites with slab-derived fluids and melts. A number of morphological and compositional features of minerals hosted by these inclusions suggest the extreme heterogeneity of the mineral-forming environment, as well as the crucial role of metamorphic and metasomatic processes in the origin of studied mineral association.
Keywords: PGM, osmium, inclusions, metamorphism, subduction.
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Pdf icon.pngPautov L.A., Mirakov M.A., Iskandarov F.Sh. On dearsenization of sperrylite during heavy cоncentrates heating, p. 14-23

The article presents the results of experiments on heating of sperrylite under conditions close to the conditions of heating of pyrite-rich concentrates for the conversion of sulfides into magnetic stub ends and their separation from minerals of the platinum group elements (PGE). During heating a mixture of pyrite and sperrylite (–0.5 – +0.1 mm fraction) under oxidizing conditions at 420–450 оС, sperrylite undergoes dearsenization along the periphery of the grains in 1 hour with the occurrence of incomplete pseudomorphoses of platinum on sperrylite. Such products of PtAs2 heating have the structure of a nut: the core consists of a relict sperrylite, and the rim (with a capacity of up to 100 microns) is metallic platinum. Rarely, crescent-shaped fracture cracks are observed in the platinum border. During heating at 600 оС in 1.5 hours, sperrylite completely drop into metallic platinum, regardless of whether the pure fraction of sperrylite was or mixed with pyrite. Dearsenization of sperrylite is accompanied with the formation of structures, which are characteristic for this process (zones with different porosity and peculiar crescent-shaped cracks).
Based on these experiments, it is concluded that the method of heavy соncentrates heating in order to separate pyrite from PGE minerals by converting sulfides into magnetic stubs has serious limitations. The advantage of this method is its simplicity, the short time required for the material separation and a very high enrichment coefficient, which practically excludes the non-detection of sperrylite, as well as the other non-magnetic PGE minerals, if they were present in the heavy соncentrates. The disadvantage of the heavy соncentrates heating method is that sperrylite, even for a relatively short time (1 hour), undergoes dearsenization, and therefore the method is applicable to establish the presence of sperrylite in the heavy соncentrates, but it is not suitable for separating the heavy соncentrates in order to isolate precious metal minerals for their further detailed study.
Keywords: sperrylite, platinum, dearsenization, platinum group elements minerals, heavy соncentrates, heating.
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Pdf icon.pngSukhanov M.K., Chistiakov A.V. New data about the orbicular basic rocks on the example of corsite (orbicular gabbro from Corsica) from the collection of the Ore-petrographic Museum of the Institute of Geology of ore deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, p. 24-34

The unique speciment of Corsite (orbicular gabbro) from Corsica Island from the collection of Ore-petrographical Museum of Russian Academy of Sciences was studied in detail. It is a polished slab 60 × 45 × 10 cm in size. The composition of the rock is: anorthite – 70, amphibole – 30 vol.%. Orbicules of 2–4 cm in size make up 40% of the rock. The gross composition of the orbicules and the main matrix, as well as the chemical composition of minerals from the central parts of the orbicules and the groundmass of the rock are given. They are almost the same: An84–87 in the orbicles, An81 in the groundmass, for amphiboles belonging to the tschermakitic row Mg/(Mg+Fe2+) = 0.7–1.0, Si = 6.3–6.5. No zonality was found in the minerals. According to its chemical composition both the main matrix and the central parts of the orbicules correspond to gabbro-anorthosite with an Al2O3 content of 26–27% in the orbicules and of 24–25% in the groundmass. It is assumed that orbicules were formed from fragments of previously solidified magma.
Keywords: corsite, orbicular gabbro-anorthosite, orbicular rocks, Ore-petrographic Museum of the IGEM of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
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Issue 2

Pdf icon.pngTatiana M. Pavlova, Victor K. Garanin Academician Peter Simon Pallas and meteorite Pallasovo Iron, p. 35-50

A new stage is indicated in the development of the Mineral Cabinet of the Peter the Great Kunstkamera. Ekaterina the Great and academic expeditions, which enriched the Museum’s collection with new materials of great scientific value. Some geological and mineralogical objects described by P.S. Pallas during his travels in Russia 1768–1774 and 1794. The story of the find of the meteorite Pallasovo Iron. Scientific Heritage of academician P.S. Pallas.
Keywords: collection of minerals, Mineral Cabinet, expedition, academician Peter Simon Pallas, meteorite Pallasovo Iron.
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Pdf icon.pngL.V. Badyanova, A.V. Kasatkin, N.V. Chukanov, R. Škoda, D.A. Khanin Munakataite: first find in Russia , p. 51-55

Rare lead and copper selenite-sulfate munakataite Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4 has been identified by us in a sample collected at the Imeretinskiy area of the Caucasian State Natural Biosphere Reserve named after H.G. Shaposhnikov (Karachay-Cherkessia). This is the first find of munakataite on the territory of Russian Federation. The mineral forms blue fibrous aggregates up to 0.5 x 0.06 mm and associates with Se-bearing linarite, cerussite, and quartz. Chemical composition of the mineral (wt%, H2O content calculated by stoichiometry; average value over three analyzes): CuO 18.95, PbO 54.30, SeO2 12.74, SO3 10.25, H2O 4.38, total 100.62. It corresponds to the empirical formula (the calculation was made for the total amount of atoms O = 11, taking into account the theoretical amount (OH) = 4) Pb2.00Cu1.96Se4+0.94S1.05O7(OH)4.
The monoclinic unit-cell dimensions are: a = 7.691(1), b = 13.874(2), c = 5.6569(8) Å, β = 109.23(1)°, V = 569.90(9) Å3, and Z = 4. The frequencies of strong bands in the Raman spectrum are 108, 344, 381, 437, 466, 521, 617, 790, 965, and 1041 см–1.
Keywords: munakataite, Caucasian State Natural Biosphere Reserve named after H.G. Shaposhnikov, Imeretinskiy area, first find in Russia.
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Issue 3

Pdf icon.pngPlechov P.Yu., Belakovskiy D.I., Kasatkin A.V., Pekov I.V., Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Gritsenko Yu.D., Karpenko V.Yu., Garanin V.K., Konovalova K.A., Nekrylov N.A. Major scientific results of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum of RAS in 2020, p. 57-80

The article is a summary of the main scientific results of the staff of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum of RAS (Minmuseum RAS) for 2020. Brief descriptions of 24 new mineral species are given: Luboržákite, Pokhodyashinite, Gungerite, Auerbakhite, Biraite-(La), Alexkuznetsovite-(Се), Rhabdoborite-(Mo), Manganobadalovite, Dutkevichite-(Се), Chukotkaite, Saranovskite, Bojarite, Kufahrite, Hasanovite, Shakhdaraite-(Y), Botuobinskite, Mirnyite, Zaykovite, Selenolaurite, Odikhinchaite, Ermakovite, Shuiskite-(Cr), Popugaevaite, Ammoniotinsleyite. The article summarizes the current results of the study of mineralogical objects associated with fumarole fields and coal fires, alkaline massifs, ore deposits and rare-metal granite pegmatites. The results of the study of the mineralogy of the meteorite substance, new data on the study of the morphology of diamonds of the Arkhangelsk diamondiferous province and inclusions in them, data on a detailed study of olivine of skarns and metamorphic carbonate-silicate rocks, results of studying of sulfide melt inclusions in high-magnesian basalts from Kamchatsky Mys are also presented.

Keywords: Minmuseum RAS, report on scientific work for 2020, a new mineral species, olivine, diamond, melilite, variations in the composition of rock-forming minerals, scientific theme FMGM–2019–0003.
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Issue 4

Pdf icon.pngKarpenko V.Yu., Pautov L.A., Мirakov М.А., Siidra O.I., Makhmadsharif S., Shodibekov M.А., Plechov P.Yu. The discovery of bonazzite and alcranite in the sublimates of a natural underground coal fire in the Kukhi-Malik area, Tajikistan, p. 82-93

Two rare minerals were found in the sublimates of a natural coal fire at the Fan-Yagnob coal deposit (Tajikistan) – bonazzite As4S4 and alacranite As8S9. Bonazzite occurs as orange, orange-red rhombic tapered crystals, both skeletal, block, and full-faceted, from 0.1 to 1.5 mm in size. Bonazziite grows on realgar crystals or on a matrix, composed of amorphous As2S3. The association contains sal-ammoniac and ermakovite (NH4)(As2O3)2Br; crystals of the latter also grows on bonazziite. In transmitted light in thin sections, bonazzite is yellowish-brown, biaxial (+). Dispersion is strong, v > r. 2Vmeas. = + 60(5)°. Refractive indices are significantly higher than n = 2.05. In reflected light, it is gray with intense internal reflections ranging from yellow-green to red. Digests in 5M KOH, producing brown colored spots. The unit cell parameters from X-ray powder data are as follows: a 9.972(5), b 9.435(3), c 8.870(6) Å, β 102.25(4) °, V 815(1) Å3. The X-ray ratio b : c = 1.063, morphological ratio (if to assign the symbol {111} to the most developed face) from the results of goniometric measurements from 0.817 to 0.870. Indicing of this facet, applying X-ray cell parameters leads to irrational symbols.
Bonazziite crystals are assumed to be paramorphoses on a related phase with some different cell parameters. Measured density (g/cm3) 3.57(1), calculated 3.52. Chemical analysis by electron microprobe using EDS (12 points), As 69.01, S 29.86, Se 0.47, total 99.34 wt.%. The empirical formula is As4.01S3.96Se0.02. Adjacent realgar does not contain Se at the sensitivity level of the microprobe analysis. Powdery yellow As-sulfide sometimes develops on realgar, it also grows as rhombic brittle crystals, similar to those of bonazzite. X-ray powder data shows, it is close to alacranite with cell parameters a 9.90(5), b 9.58(5), c 9.11(5) Å, β 101.6(6) °, V 847(5) Å3.
The growth of bonazzite could have been originated by a local increase in temperature (but no more than up to 320 °C – the upper temperature limit of stability of the realgar) and/or Se occurence in the gas precipitates, which played the role of a stabilizing impurity that caused the growth of bonazzite on the realgar. A local change in the thermal regime probably led to the appearance of related alacranite.
Keywords: bonazzite, alakranite, realgar, arsenic sulfides, pseudo-fumaroles, coal fire, sublimates, Tajikistan, Fan-Yagnob deposit, Kukhi-Malik.
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Pdf icon.pngGramenitskiy E.N. In Memory of Oleg V. Kononov

On October 19, 2021, Associate Professor of the Department of Mineralogy of Moscow State University Oleg Vasilievich Kononov, a wonderful mineralogist and charming person, passed away. All his life after graduating from school, until the very last moments, he devoted himself to the Faculty of Geology and the Department of Mineralogy. The author of these lines has lost a very close person, an older comrade, friendship and collaboration with whom lasted more than fifty years. He taught me at least two things: always look for practical, applied meaning in the work you do, and that the accumulated facts are never redundant.
Keywords: O.V. Kononov, the Department of Mineralogy of Moscow State University, obituary.
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Russian version (V. 55)